Hate crimes: Blacks remain the largest group; US States See Increase in Anti-Gay Crimes | Local News
ATLANTA – Hate crimes increased nationwide in 2020 and although black people continue to be the largest group of victims, reported hate crimes against other races and LGBT communities in some states have seen a slight increase since 2019, according to the FBI Hate Crimes 2020 Report.
The report is published annually and is not comprehensive for the whole country, as data is voluntarily submitted by law enforcement agencies on the basis of offenses suspected of being motivated by bias against race, ethnicity, ancestry, religion, sexual orientation, disability, sex and gender. identity.
Of all hate crimes reported in 2020 by 15,136 participating agencies, 35.5% were classified as anti-black, compared to 27% of anti-black hate crimes reported in 2019. Hate crimes against whites surpassed hate crimes against Jewish and gay men in 2020, which had the second and third highest percentages in 2019; anti-white crimes fell from 8.8% in 2019 to 10% in 2020.
Of the 6,431 offenders known in the 2020 FBI Hate Crime Report, 55.2% were White, 20.2% were Black, 1.1% were Asian, and 1.1% were American Indian or Indian. natives of Alaska. Race was unknown for 16.4%. The majority of crimes nationwide involved intimidation and common assault.
Hate crimes against Asians on the rise
While anti-Jewish crimes fell to 8.7% from 13.2% nationwide, anti-Asian crimes increased from 2.2% to 3.5%. Much of the recent crimes against Asians have been attributed to the global coronavirus pandemic, with China being the first country to experience the COVID-19 outbreak.
“Throughout the pandemic, rhetoric about the potential role of the Chinese government in the origins of COVID-19 has inspired hatred, racism and discrimination towards our Asian American and Pacific Islander community,” said Russell Jeung, Ph.D., co-founder of Stop AAPI (Asian American and Pacific Islander) Hate. “Unfortunately, our data shows that this trend continues today. Of the 9,081 hate incident reports included in (a Stop AAPI report), 48.1% included at least one hate statement regarding anti-China and / or anti-immigrant rhetoric. “
Tennessee is one of the states that has seen an increase in reported anti-Asian crimes, from none in 2019 to two cases in 2020.
Almost all of Tennessee’s law enforcement agencies – 463 of 464 – participated in the FBI investigation and identified 78 hate crimes – 42% of them classified as anti-black. Eleven were reported as anti-whites and four as anti-Hispanics.
Compared to 2019, 43.36% of 112 hate crimes were considered anti-black, 24.1% anti-white, 5.35% anti-Hispanic.
Tennessee and Georgia see increase in hate crimes against gay men
While across the country, hate crimes against gays and LGBTs have declined, several states have seen a slight increase in crimes against gays and lesbians.
Data submitted by law enforcement in Georgia and Tennessee shows that crimes against gay men have at least tripled in both states, from four to 15 and from three to nine incidents in the states, respectively.
State reporting agencies show three and two hate crimes against lesbians in 2020 in the two states respectively; only two were reported in Georgia and none were reported in Tennessee in 2019.
Georgia reports nearly 50 more hate crimes in 2020
Although fewer Georgian law enforcement agencies participated in 2020 with 401 out of 657 agencies, compared to 508 agencies in 2019, the state reported more hate crimes.
Of the 195 hate crime incidents reported in the state in 2020, those considered anti-black accounted for 35% of hate crimes, 20.5% were considered anti-white, almost 8% were anti-gay, and 5% were anti-white. 6% anti-Jews. Of 139 offenders, 51% were white, 41% black, and 3.6% from two or more races.
Compared to 2019, of 147 incidents suspected of involving hate crimes in the state, the largest groups were 30.6% or 45 incidents listed as anti-black, 40 were listed as anti-white, 15 were considered anti-Hispanic or Latino.
One of Georgia’s most notable hate crime cases as of 2020 is the shooting death of 25-year-old black man Ahmaud Arbery in Glynn County by a white man. Arbery was jogging through a neighborhood when he was followed by three white men, and eventually shot by one.
A federal indictment accuses white males of interfering with Arbery because of his race and color. The incident does not appear to have been included in the 2020 FBI hate crimes data because it is likely that the Glynn County Police Department was not involved in the investigation. However, GCPD participated in the survey in 2019.
Jury selection in the state’s case against the three men is expected to begin on October 18 and February 7 for the federal case.
Arbery’s murder led Georgian lawmakers in June 2020 to pass new hate crimes legislation, HB 426, which adds tougher penalties for hate crime perpetrators and adds provisions for reporting hate crimes by law enforcement agencies.
“Georgia’s Tightened Sanctions for Hate Crimes Law is a monumental step forward in improving data on hate crimes and creating a state where crimes that terrorize and alienate entire communities will not be tolerated.” said Allison Padilla-Goodman, vice president of the southern division of the Anti-Defamation League, an anti-hate organization.
“Yet the underreporting of hate crimes in Georgia and across the country is a major obstacle to the investigation and prosecution of these crimes, leading to a lack of accountability for bias-motivated offenses that can intimidate, isolate and terrify entire communities.
Mississippi posts biggest increase in hate crimes against blacks
Mississippi law enforcement agencies showed one of the highest percentages of hate crimes against blacks in 2020.
Ninety-two of the 251 agencies reported 16 hate crimes, 50% of which classified as anti-black. Four hate crimes were considered anti-white, and one case each was reported as anti-Hispanic, anti-Jewish, and anti-Asian; half of the offenders were identified as white, 25% as black and 25% as multiracial.
In the previous year, only 49 agencies had participated, reporting 14 hate crimes, the highest percentages including six incidents against a person with a disability, and two each were reported as anti-Asian and anti-Indian anti-American or indigenous to the ‘Alaska.
Alabama Agencies Report Most Hate Crimes Against Whites
In 2020, Alabama reported seven anti-black hate crimes, but reported double as anti-white.
No hate crime data was reported in the state in 2019, as only two of 432 agencies participated.
Four hundred and nine agencies participated in 2020, showing 27 incidents of hate crime; two were classified as anti-Muslims. Of the crimes committed, 14 out of 34 were drug offenses, five were property damage and four were vandalism.
Of the delinquent races, 12 were considered black, 11 were white, and six were of an unknown race.